Trojanized Application Preying on TeamViewer Users

Threat Actor Modifies TeamViewer Installer to Deliver njRAT


Cyble Research & Intelligence Labs (CRIL) have been monitoring several instances where well-known applications and tools have been exploited as a delivery mechanism for malicious files. Threat Actors (TAs) leverage the trust associated with these applications to deceive users into downloading and executing them.

We encountered a notable incident involving the deceptive utilization of a TeamViewer application file. TeamViewer, a widely adopted software application, facilitates remote control, desktop sharing, online meetings, file transfers, and collaborative work across various devices.

Our preliminary investigation uncovered a significant correlation between the dissemination of the njRAT malware and a favored technique employed by Threat Actors (TAs). This technique entails exploiting the trust and prevalence of popular and legitimate applications such as TeamViewer, WireShark, Process Hacker, and others.

njRAT, commonly called Bladabindi, is a type of Remote Access Trojan (RAT) initially uncovered in 2012. This malware is primarily employed in attacks aimed at organizations located in Middle Eastern nations.

njRAT can perform various malicious activities such as logging keystrokes, taking screenshots, stealing passwords, exfiltrating data, accessing webcams and microphones, downloading additional files, etc.

Initial Infection


In addition to its typical distribution methods, such as phishing campaigns, cracked software on filesharing websites, and drive-by downloads, this njRAT sample is also being distributed through trojanized applications.

Technical Analysis


The malware sample we have identified is a 32-bit Smart Installer, with a SHA 256 hash of “224ae485b6e4c1f925fff5d9de1684415670f133f3f8faa5f23914c78148fc31” (shown in the figure below).

224ae485b6e4c1f925fff5d9de1684415670f133f3f8faa5f23914c78148fc31, Static File
Figure 1 – Static file Details


Upon execution, the aforementioned installer drops two files in the Windows folder, and the names of these files include the term “TeamViewer”. One of the files dropped in the Windows folder is njRAT, while the other is a genuine, TeamViewer application, as shown in the figure below.

Windows, File
Figure 2 – Files dropped in the Windows folder


After dropping the files in the Windows folder, the installer triggers the execution of “TeamViewer Starting.exe” (njRAT) and subsequently launches the legitimate “teamviewer.exe” application.

The figure below displays the user prompt window, providing the option to proceed with the team viewer installation.

TeamViewer, Installation
Figure 3 – Teamviewer Installation wizard


Simultaneously, the njRAT initiates its installation process by copying itself into the “AppData\Local\Temp” directory with the filename “system.exe“. This technique is designed to make the malicious process less noticeable to the end user by using a filename that resembles a legitimate Windows file. It will then execute the newly dropped file as a new process. The below figure illustrates the sequence of processes involved when executing the Trojanized TeamViewer installer.

Process chain, malware, TeamViewer
Figure 4 – Process chain


Once the new process is launched, njRAT creates a mutex, or mutual exclusion object, as a locking mechanism to prevent two threads from writing to shared memory simultaneously and to avoid reinfection of the victim.

The name of the mutex is “301b5fcf8ce2fab8868e80b6c1f912fe“. The mutex name and other configurations are hardcoded into the njRAT binary.

The below image shows the complete configuration details of the njRAT.

Figure 5 – njRAT configuration


Then, the njRAT modifies the value of the “SEE_MASK_NOZONECHECKS” environment variable in the Windows registry to 1, thereby adjusting the security settings. This alteration allows the malware to operate unhindered, bypassing any security warning prompts or dialog boxes that would typically be presented to the end user.

The image below shows the registry value added by njRAT to adjust the security settings in the victim’s machine.

Registry, Security settings
Figure 6 – Changing security settings in the registry


Afterwards, the RAT creates a firewall regulation that allows for upcoming communication with its Command and Control (C&C) server.

The below figure shows the code used by njRAT to add the firewall rule.

Firewall, Rule, Exception
 Figure 7 – Firewall rule




Then the malware implements two distinct methods to achieve persistence. The first one involves creating two autorun entries in the system registry:

  1. HKEY_CURRENT_USER\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Run

Value name: 301b5fcf8ce2fab8868e80b6c1f912fe

Value data: “C:\Users\[User Profile]\AppData\Local\Temp\System.exe”

  • HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Run

Value name: 301b5fcf8ce2fab8868e80b6c1f912fe

Value data: “C:\Users\[User Profile]\AppData\Local\Temp\System.exe”

Meanwhile, the second method entails copying itself to the startup directory:

“C:\Users\[User Profile]\AppData\Roaming\Microsoft\Windows\Start Menu\Programs\Startup\301b5fcf8ce2fab8868e80b6c1f912fe.exe”

By doing so, the malware can ensure that it automatically runs every time the system boots up. The below image shows the file located in the startup folder.

Windows, Startup, TeamViewer
Figure 8 – Adding Self copy in the startup location




After the initial configurations are successfully completed, the njRAT engages in keylogging activity. To achieve this, the RAT creates a dedicated thread that establishes an ongoing loop to continuously monitor keystrokes. This monitoring functionality is enabled by utilizing the GetAsyncKeyState function, which effectively detects any key presses.

Whenever a key press is detected, the thread captures and stores the corresponding key information in a newly generated file named “System.exe.tmp“. This file is specifically created in the “%appdata%/temp” location. The thread operates continuously with a delay interval of 1 ms between each iteration, allowing for ongoing monitoring of keystrokes and storage of the captured data.

The figure below shows the njRAT’s keylogger function code.

Keylogger, Information Stealer, Function
Figure 9 – Keylogger function and values


In addition to capturing keystrokes, the RAT also collects various system information such as the Windows operating system version, the service pack, the current date, the username, information about webcams, system architecture, and specific registry keys. The gathered data is encoded using the base64 encoding scheme to facilitate exfiltration.

The image below shows the partial function code for collecting system information for exfiltration.

RAT, Trojan, System Information
Figure 10 – RAT collects the System information for exfiltration


Once the data is collected, the malicious sample establishes a connection with a Command and Control (C&C) server to transmit the gathered information. The C&C address and listening port are preconfigured within the file, as indicated in Figure 5.

Subsequently, njRAT enters a dormant state, awaiting instructions from the C&C server. The malware compares the received command against a predetermined set of hardcoded commands and proceeds to execute the specified action accordingly.

Before the user gains access to the TeamViewer application, the RAT discreetly conducts malicious operations within the compromised system.

The following image displays the TeamViewer window following the RAT operation.

Figure 11 – Teamviewer Window




Despite being in existence for almost a decade, njRAT remains a favored remote administration tool among TAs. Additionally, the method of distributing njRAT demonstrates the resourcefulness and adaptability of TAs in effectively spreading malware through widely-used applications. This kind of malware attack poses a significant threat to the affected systems’ privacy, security, and integrity. Cyble Research and Intelligence Labs (CRIL) actively monitors Trojanized applications to keep our readers informed about them.



  • Downloading any tools or applications only from the official website. Avoid downloading it from third-party websites or sources.
  • Turn on the automatic software update feature on your computer, mobile, and other connected devices wherever possible and pragmatic.
  • Use a reputed anti-virus and Internet security software package on your connected devices, including PC, laptop, and mobile.
  • Refrain from opening untrusted links and email attachments without verifying their authenticity.

MITRE ATT&CK® Techniques


Tactic  Technique ID  Technique Name 
Execution  T1204   
User Execution   
Command and Scripting Interpreter

Persistence  T1547  Boot or Logon AutoStart Execution
Defense Evasion T1036 Masquerading
Discovery  T1082  
System Information Discovery  
Process Discovery  
Query Registry
Collection T1056 Input Capture
Command and Control T1071  
Application Layer Protocol  
Non-Application Layer Protocol

Indicators of Compromise (IOCs)


Indicators  Indicator  
Trojanized Teamviewer  
system.exe/ TeamViewer Starting.exe  
hxxp://kkk[.]no-ip[.]biz                       URL C&C

Scroll to Top